PARTICIPATION IN THE EUCHARIST
17. Any baptized person who is not prohibited by law can and must be admitted to Holy Communion. (CIC 912)
The guidelines prepared by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops shall be noted. (10)
18. It is highly recommended that the faithful receive Holy Communion during the celebration of the Eucharist
itself; 11 however, it is to be administered outside Mass to those who request it for a just cause, the liturgical
rites being observed. (CIC 918)
19. One who is to receive the Holy Eucharist is to abstain from any food or drink, with the exception of only water
and medicine, for at least one hour before Holy Communion. A priest who celebrates the Eucharist two or
three times on the same day may take something before the second or third celebration even if a period of
one hour does not intervene. Those persons who are advanced in age or who suffer from any infirmity, as well
as those who take care of them, may receive the Eucharist even if they have taken something during the
previous hour. (CIC 919)
20. Communion may be distributed either under the form of bread alone or under the form of bread and wine, the
latter practice being preferred.
20.1. Communion may be received in the hand or on the tongue. The option is left up to the person who is
receiving, not to the minister who is distributing. The faithful are not permitted to take Eucharist from a
sacred vessel nor to pass it around to other members.
20.2. In distribution of the Eucharist under both kinds the Norms for the Distribution and Reception of Holy
communion Under Both Kinds in the Dioceses of the United States (2002) are to be followed.
20.2.1. Parishes that distribute Holy Communon under both kinds should regularly explain to the
faithful the proper manner of receiving.
20.2.2. The preferable rite to be used in the Archdiocese of Santa Fe is the reception of Holy
directly from the chalice.
20.2.3. If Holy Communion is distributed using the rite of intinction, the minister is the one who dips
the consecrated bread into the consecrated wine and gives it to the communicant. The
communicant is not allowed to dip the host into the chalice.
21. When a priest is not available for the celebration of the Eucharist, Holy Communion may be distributed using
previously consecrated hosts.
21.1. The ordinary minister for Communion services is a deacon. Extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion
may be deputed by the pastor or Archbishop to lead this rite.
21.2. The proper rite approved by the Conference of Bishops for celebrations when a priest is not present it to
be used. For weekdays, the rite is HOLY COMMUNION OUTSIDE MASS (available in HOLY COMMUNION
AND WORSHIP OF THE EUCHARIST OUTSIDE MASS). For Sundays, the rite is SUNDAY CELEBRATIONS
IN THE ABSENCE OF A PRIEST, 2007. No leader of these celebrations should use the ROMAN MISSAL
for these rites.
22. Communion may be taken to the sick and homebound any day or time of the day (12) with the following
22.1. On Good Friday, Holy Communion may be distributed to the faithful during the celebration of the Lord‟s
Passion alone, though it may be brought at any time of the day to the sick who cannot take part in the
celebration. (ROMAN MISSAL. Friday of the Passion of the Lord 2)
22.2. On Holy Saturday Holy Communion may only be given in the form of Viaticum. (ROMAN MISSAL. Holy
23. A person who has received the Eucharist during the day may receive it a second time the same day only if the
person participates in the celebration of the Eucharist. (13) Those who are in danger of death are strongly
urged to receive again even if they have received Communion in the same day. (CIC 921, §2)
(10) Canon 844 §1. Catholic ministers may licitly administer the sacraments to Catholic members of the Christian faithful only, and, likewise, the latter may licitly receive the sacraments only from Catholic ministers with due regard for §§2, 3and 4 of this canon, and canon 861, §2. Whenever necessity requires or genuine spiritual advantage suggests, and provided that the danger of error or indifferentism is avoided, it is lawful for the faithful for whom it is physically or morally impossible to approach a Catholic minister, to receive the sacraments of penance, Eucharist and anointing of the sick from non-Catholic ministers in whose churches these sacraments are valid. §3. Catholic ministers may licitly administer the sacraments of penance, Eucharist, and anointing of the sick to members of the oriental churches which do not have full communion with the Catholic Church, if they ask on their own for the sacraments and are properly disposed. This holds also for members of other churches which, in the judgment of the Apostolic See, are in the same condition as the oriental churches as far as these sacraments are concerned. §4. If the danger of death is present or other grave necessity, in the judgment of the diocesan bishop or the conference of bishops, Catholic ministers may licitly administer these sacraments to other Christians who do not have full communion with the Catholic Church, who cannot approach a minister of their own commnity and on their own ask for it provided they manifest Catholic faith in these sacraments and are properly disposed. §5 For the cases in §§2, 3, and 4, neither the diocesan bishop nor the conference of bishops is to enact general norms except after consultation with at least the local competent authority of the interested non-Catholic Church or community.
(11) Ordinarily enough hosts should be consecrated at each Mass for the distribution of the Eucharist at that one Mass. The practice to use hosts consecrated at a previous Mass is discouraged.
(12) The norms given in 36 are to be followed.
(13) Canon 917 and Pontifical Commission for the Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law, June 26, 1984.